RUBENS, PETER PAUL

RUBENS, PETER PAUL
   the greatest of the Flemish painters, born at Siegen, in Westphalia; came with his widowed mother in 1587 to Antwerp, where he sedulously cultivated the painter's art, and early revealed his masterly gift of colouring; went to Italy, and for a number of years was in the service of the Duke of Mantua, who encouraged him in his art, and employed him on a diplomatic mission to Philip III. of Spain; executed at Madrid some of his finest portraits; returned to Antwerp in 1609; completed in 1614 his masterpiece, "The Descent from the Cross," in Antwerp Cathedral; with the aid of assistants he painted the series of 21 pictures, now in the Louvre, illustrating the principal events in the life of Maria de' Medici during 1628-1629; diplomatic missions engaged him at the Spanish and English Courts, where his superabundant energy enabled him to execute many paintings for Charles I. - e. g. "War and Peace," in the National Gallery - and Philip IV.; was knighted by both; in all that pertains to chiaroscuro, colouring, and general technical skill Rubens is unsurpassed, and in expressing particularly the "tumult and energy of human action," but he falls below the great Italian artists in the presentation of the deeper and sublimer human emotions; was a scholarly, refined man, an excellent linguist, and a successful diplomatist; was twice married; died at Antwerp, and was buried in the Church of St. Jacques; his tercentenary was celebrated in 1877 (1577-1640).

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

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  • Rubens, Peter Paul — Rubens, Peter Paul. Dieser ausgezeichnete Maler, der wegen seines großartigen Styls und seiner zur Bewunderung umfangreichen Schöpferkraft mit Recht der Fürst der niederländischen Schule und der flandrische Raphael genannt wird, wurde am 28. Juni …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Rubens, Peter Paul — • Flemish painter (1577 1640) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Rubens, Peter Paul — born June 28, 1577, Siegen, Westphalia died May 30, 1640, Antwerp, Spanish Neth. Flemish painter and diplomat. After apprenticeships in Antwerp, he was admitted to its painters guild in 1598. He went to Italy in 1600 and until 1608 worked for the …   Universalium

  • Rubens, Peter Paul — (1577 1640)    Peter Paul Rubens was born in Seigen where his father was exiled. When Rubens was a year old, the exile was lifted and the family went to Cologne. Rubens father died in 1589, and his mother, Maria Pijpelinckx, moved with her… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • RUBENS, Peter Paul — (1577 1640) Rubens single handedly transformed the character of Flanders from a city where provincial art was created to a major artistic center. He was not only a prolific painter with approximately three thousand works attributed to him, but… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Rubens, Peter Paul — (1577 1640)    Flemish painter. He worked in the baroque style and became the most internationally famous artist of northern Europe, admired for the lush colors, energetic spirit, and sensual, fleshly human figures typical of his works. His… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Rubens,Peter Paul — Ru·bens (ro͞oʹbənz), Peter Paul. 1577 1640. Flemish painter. A master of the baroque, he executed many portraits and exuberant works of allegorical, historical, and religious themes, including Descent from the Cross (1611 1614). * * * …   Universalium

  • Rubens, Peter Paul — (6/28/1577 Siegen 5/30/1640 Antwerp) (Netherlands)    Painter, art collector, and diplomat. Trained under Verhaegt, van Noort, and van Veen, he also traveled to Italy and was influenced by Tintoretto, Titian, and Corregio. Perhaps the most… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Rubens, Peter Paul — (28 jun. 1577, Siegen, Westfalia–30 may. 1640, Amberes, Países bajos españoles). Pintor y diplomático flamenco. Luego de servir como aprendiz en Amberes, en 1598 fue admitido en el gremio de pintores de esa ciudad. Se trasladó a Italia en 1600 y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rubens, Peter Paul —  (1577–1640) Flemish painter …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

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